A How-To Guide On Performing Eid Prayer

For most of us, this will be the first time we're performing Eid prayer with our families. Here is a guide to help.

A How-To Guide On Performing Eid Prayer

For most of us, this will be the first time we’re performing Eid prayer with our families. Here is a guide to help.


Najaha Nauf
Art - New Internationalist


After a month of quarantined fasting, Eid-al-Fitr is upon us! Eid-al-Fitr falls on the first of Shawwal (the tenth month of the Islamic Lunar Calendar) and is characterized by the sighting of the crescent.

A staple of Eid-al-Fitr is the Eid prayers which is considered Sunnah Muakkada – highly recommended Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammed (PBUH), one which he always did. While it is normally performed at mosques or on open-ground in congregation, this period of social distancing puts a halt to such activities. 

Fortunately, most Fatwa centers have encouraged praying at home in congregation or alone, and we’ve got you covered on the basic rulings of how to perform the Eid prayer. 

TLDR? : it’s generally like a 2 Raka prayer, like Fajr or sunnah prayers before and after prayers, with addition of Takbiraat in the Qiyaam before recitation of Al-Fathiha in each rakat. 

  1. The Niyah (Intention) 

The Niyah, or Intention, of the Eid prayer is to fulfill two Rakas of Sunnah prayers in order to please Allah and as a sign of devotion and gratitude on the  glorious day of Eid. 

  1. The first Takbir (praise)

Takbir is the proclamation of “Allahu Akbar” which means “Allah is the greatest.” The prayer begins with a single Takbir as all other prayers do. The one praying must raise both hands up to their ears, palms facing forward during the proclamation and fold both hands over one another below their chest area (right hand over left hand) once they’re done with the proclamation.  

  1. Repeat steps 2 until Takbir has been said seven times.

  2. Recitation of the Quran. 

In the seventh Takbir, Surah Al-Fathiha (the opening of the Quran) is recited. After which, any surah or number of verses from a surah may be recited. 

  1. Ruku’ (Bowing)

This is when the one praying bends forward such that their spine and body form a right angle and their hands are placed on their knees, with their gaze firmly placed on the Qibla (direction of the Kabah). In this position, they must recite “Subhana Rabbi al-Adheem” three times, which means “How free from imperfections is my Lord, the Grand”

  1. I’thidhal (Straightening from bowing)

They must then stand straight, hands by their sides and recite “Sami Allahu liman hamida, Rabbana Walak al-hamd” which means, “Allah hears those who send praises to him. Our lord, and all praises are for you.”

  1. Sajda (Prostration) 

The one praying then proclaims “Allahu Akbar” before falling in prostration in front of them, with their palms pressed to the ground and their nose and forehead touching it. In sujood (prostration), they must recite the duaa “Subhana Rabi Al- A’laa” three times, which means “My Lord is free from imperfections, The Most High.”

  1. Jalsa (Sitting on the prayer rug between prostrations)

Once they’ve risen from the prostration, the one praying sits on their heels and recites “Rabbi’ghfirli”  three times, which means “My Lord, forgive me.”

  1. Second Sajda

Another prostration is then performed with the same proclamation as the first Sajda as seen in step 8. This concludes the first Rakaat of the Eid prayer. 

  1. The Second Rakaat

Repeat steps 2  such that there are five recitations of Takbir.

  1. Recitation of the Quran. 

In the fifth Takbir, Surah Al-Fathiha (the opening of the Quran) is recited. After which, any surah or number of verses from a surah may be recited. 

  1. Repeat steps 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10. 

Here, the second sajda does NOT mean the conclusion of the Raka

  1. Tashshahud (Sitting on the prayer rug after the final prostration)

After rising from the final prostration, the one praying sits on the prayer rug and says “Attahyathu Lillahi Wassalawathu Waththayyibathu, Assalamu Alayka Ayyuha Nabiyu Warahmathullahi Wabarakathuhu, Assalamu Alayna Wa Ala Ibaadhillahi Saliheen, Ashshadu An La Illaha Illallahu Wa Ashshadu Anna Muhammadan Abdhuhu Wa Rasooluhu.” Which means “All compliments, prayers and goodness are for Allah. May the peace, mercy and blessings of Allah be upon you, Oh Prophet. Peace be upon us and upon the righteous slaves of Allah. I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad is his servant and messenger.” Then salutations are given to Prophet Muhammed and the Prophet Abraham in what is known as durood. This is then followed by a duaa of the individuals choosing.

This duaa is then followed by Taslim (greetings) which is where the one praying bids salaam to their right and then to their left by saying “Assalamu Alaykum Warahmathullahi Wabarakathuhu” which means, “May the peace, mercy and the blessings of Allah be upon you” in order to conclude the prayer. 

The Eid prayer is known to be a comprehensive start to the blessed day. Common supplications made throughout the day in order to celebrate include recitation of the Takbir, invocations of the six Kalimas and a lot of Salaams. It is the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) to spread Salaams and spread the news of Eid through declarations of “Eid Mubarak!” It’s a day of joy and blessings, a day to celebrate the remembrance of Allah. 

May this Eid-al-Fitr be a joyous one for you and your family and may Allah accept all the fasts and supplications made during the month of Ramadan! Stay safe and home this Eid and always stay blessed! 

Trump Declares Houses of Worship ‘Essential’ Urging Governors to Reopen Them Immediately

Churches, synagogues and mosques provided “essential services”, Trump says. Pushing for local governments to ensure their re-opening.

Trump Declares Houses of Worship ‘Essential’ Urging Governors to Reopen Them Immediately

Churches, synagogues and mosques provided “essential services”, Trump says. Pushing for local governments to ensure their re-opening.


Mareena Emran
Imam Mohamed Nuh Dahir stands where would typically be a packed mosque for Friday prayer at the Islamic Center of St. Cloud. Paul Middlestaedt for MPR News


May 23, 2020President Donald J. Trump called upon governors this Friday to reopen houses of worship amid the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic during a White House briefing, claiming that churches, synagogues and mosques provided “essential services” and that local governments should do so “right now.” 

This declaration was made after the Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) newest guidelines for communities of faith were announced, stating that, “gathering together for worship is at the heart of what it means to be a community of faith,” but also warned that these gatherings may, “present a risk for increasing the spread of COVID-19 during this public health emergency.”

As social distancing protocols vary by state, many governors have been faced with the issue of releasing consistent plans to loosen restrictions, and Trump openly opposed their decisions of opening businesses, such as liquor stores and abortion clinics, before religious establishments. 

Although the CDC released general guidelines for school and businesses last week, houses of worship were not specifically mentioned, as the White House raised concerns about the restrictions regarding faith-based groups, as reported by the Associated Press

“These are places that hold our society together and keep our people united,” President Trump said. “We need more prayer, not less.”

Trump’s decision was also met with backlash, as Olivia Lapeyrolerie, Mayor Bill de Blasio’s deputy press secretary, said that large gatherings would not be advisable, and especially that gathering for worship would jeopardize New Yorkers’ health.

Lapeyrolerie’s worries extend far beyond New York, as Houston was recently among the first to reopen its Catholic churches again, but not after long, was forced to close and cancel mass indefinitely after the death of a priest and five others testing positive for coronavirus.

During Easter and Passover, churches and synagogues remained closed, which encouraged worshippers to attend virtual and parking lot services across the nation. This resulted in the overall reduced risk of COVID-19 exposure, while prompting communities to “flatten the curve.”

With Eid-al-Fitr approaching this weekend, mosques across the country have followed the same procedures, urging Muslims to celebrate and pray at home. As Eid is typically celebrated out with friends and extended family, many have come to realize that this one will be spent in isolation, breaking from tradition. 

Trump’s plan of action is still under question, as the President does not have any legal authority to override governors’ decisions. It will be up to the discretion of each state’s governors to appoint the re-openings of religious institutions.

READ MORE: SUV Smashes Into Hijab Shop In Sydney, Injuring 14 People

Wardah Khalid Is Pushing Muslim-Americans To Be More Politically Active

"Okay, you voted – now what? How do you engage past the ballot box?"

Wardah Khalid Is Pushing Muslim-Americans To Be More Politically Active

“Okay, you voted – now what? How do you engage past the ballot box?”


Ameer Al-Khatahtbeh

Art - Shayma Al-shiri

This feature is in partnership with Asian American Journalist Associations’ Muslim American Task Force with the mission to uplift Muslim community members. 

For Wardah Khalid, advocacy goes a long way. The Houston native is the founder of Poligon Education Fund (Poligon), one of the only few organizations made to uplift Muslim-Americans running for office and help guide Muslim-Americans in holding their representatives in Congress accountable. 

After moving to Washington DC, the last four years Khalid had dedicated her time in pushing for change at Capitol Hill. Prior to devoting her time in pushing for Muslim-American legislation, she was doing Middle East Policy at the Friends Committee on National Legislation, and then working at Church World Service doing refugee and immigration advocacy. Now, Khalid finds herself working at Capitol Hill as an anchorage Congressional Fellow with APAICS (the Asian Pacific American Institute for Congressional Studies).

“I’ve been working in Congresswoman Judy Chu’s office, which has been a really interesting experience to see advocacy from the inside. Or like how we make policy from the Inside while I have been advocating for it outside.” 

Currently, Khalid finds herself writing about different foreign affairs and national security issues or Islam in America while running Poligon, a national nonprofit dedicated to amplifying American Muslim voices in Congress.

Muslim asked Wardah about Poligon, the initatives she’s currently working on, and the future of politics for Muslims in America.


Photo - Flickr

Tell us about Poligon, what do you guys do?

In our first two years, Poligon trained over 5,000 Muslims on web training and in-person training. We also advocate with Members of Congress and educate them on issues that the Muslim community cares about. We also have educated Muslims themselves on what’s happening on Capitol Hill, we have a weekly newsletter that goes out that talks about what’s happening called Hill Happenings. It’s a very quick digest, I would encourage everybody to sign up so they can keep up with issues. We make it very easy for people to understand what’s going on and how they can engage.Less than 17% of our community reached out to their Members of Congress in the last year and so we’re the lowest of all faith groups. So there’s definitely a lot of work to do.

What Poligon does is it teaches you like, okay, you voted now what, like, how do you engage past the ballot box. How are you holding your elected officials accountable after you elect them? Normally our community is doing fundraisers for these people. This is photo ops, you know, photo ops and then they don’t ask them for anything. 


What prompted you in creating Poligon?

I worked with Quakers, a smaller Christian lobby group that has a lot of international presence, on the Iran nuclear deal and getting that through Congress, how much their network was mobilized, how engaged they were with their representatives, how much influence they had on the representatives. My job was to educate them and educate the representatives about the policy. I was just able to see how they were interacting with the White House and they were interacting with the State Department and then the Congress. So I was like, what’s stopping us (Muslims)  from starting something up like this, when we have anywhere from three to 8 million people in the United States? 

So actually, even before I started that fellowship, I came up with the idea and just  did a lot of research, figuring out why something like that hadn’t been started before, starting training groups on how to engage with their representatives, and then put together a team of people to help bring that vision to life. We made sure to do everything from the ground upright before the 2017 inauguration. So basically, we launched in January 2017, a few days before Trump was elected. People were really excited to see some way they could engage. Which, you know, worked out really well. 


What are the current initiatives Poligon is working on?

One of the big things that we’re working on right before this Coronavirus issue happened was the NO BAN Act to repeal the Muslim travel ban, which was first issued in 2017 banning immigrants from Muslim countries and refugees.  We were actually very close to getting a floor vote in the House of Representatives. It was actually already scheduled, but then Coronavirus happened and Congress delayed it. But you know, we were working to collect cosponsors. We were delivering petitions on the Hill with 150,000 signatures of people who supported this legislation. So we were very active in that coalition and working on that. 

During this pandemic, Poligon has actually one of the few Muslim organization that actually focuses on domestic human needs and helping the marginalized and economically disadvantaged, achieve economic justice. We’re working on issues like hunger, poverty, health care, housing, for since our inception, so when Coronavirus hit, it was very natural for us to work on that issue. We actually created this policy update center on our website where people can go and see what’s like the latest thing that happened with Coronavirus because there’s so much legislation moving there’s so many different packages being introduced it’s confusing.


Are there any comments or messages you’d like to share with our audience?

Don’t underestimate the power that you have. I think I’ve heard somewhere that over like 50% of Muslims in the US are youth. They’re a big population – and being a big population and coming into voting age, you guys are going to have a lot of power. This includes determining who are your elected officials, so please do not be afraid to hold them accountable.

A lot of the older generation Muslims have “the old way” of how our community was engaging with candidates. Like doing photo-ops without asking the candidates for anything. We have to change that dynamic. We have to ask, we have to push for our community members. And if they’re not doing what we’re asking, you know, don’t be afraid to vote them out. We saw that in Virginia – one of the first things that Poligon worked on was an ant- hate resolution that was actually a local Member of Congress had introduced. Unfortunately, she had been endorsed by another Muslim civic engagement organization. So the first thing when we came in it was like, why did you endorse somebody who has a 95% Trump rating when they’re doing all these awful things to our community? 

So if you feel a certain way about a policy, if you’re impacted by health care, or Coronavirus, or whatever it might be, or Islamophobia or bullying in schools, then make your voice heard and let them know. You can do a phone call to a Member of Congress, it only takes like 30 seconds or a minute. Poligon provides scripts that you can follow word for word, the only thing you have to do is add your name.

Social justice is a big part of our faith, that it would seem very natural that we’d be engaged in this. But we’re not, we’re still not fully there yet as to how other communities are. So that’s gonna take us to get involved and be pushing that, and pushing our Muslim community. So yes, get out the vote, definitely. But also think about what happens after you elect your candidate. How are you holding them accountable? How are you making sure that they represent you?

To learn more about Poligon, and what Wardah Khalid is doing, be sure to follow her on Twitter and Instagram, and subscribe to Poligon’s mailing list to stay engaged.


About AAJA’s Muslim American Task Force

The Asian American Journalists Association’s mission is to ensure accurate and fair coverage of AAPI communities and, more broadly, communities of color. More than 60 percent of the world’s Muslim population is in Asia and, as such, AAJA created a task force to develop resources for journalists covering Muslim/Muslim American communities and ongoing changes to U.S. immigration policies. The task force seeks to improve coverage of Muslim American issues and serve as a resource to journalists covering Muslim American communities. Learn more at aaja.org.