Performing Janaza In The Time Of Coronavirus

The Muslim community has found itself in a dilemma over performing Janaza (funeral rights) during the pandemic.

Performing Janaza In The Time Of Coronavirus

The Muslim community has found itself in a dilemma over performing Janaza (funeral rights) during the pandemic.

By

Najaha Nauf
Photo -

With the coronavirus (COVID-19) global death toll reaching high death tolls, the Muslim community has found itself in a dilemma over the Janaza (funeral rights) to be performed on those who have passed away during this time. 

Janaza includes bathing the body of the deceased, shrouding them with white cloth as they are not to be buried in their casual clothing, praying Janaza prayer and eventual burial within 24 hours of passing. However, the amount of deaths per day and safety measures to take into consideration have made this ritual difficult to carry out and many Muslims around the world have voiced out their concerns. 

Countries like the U.S., who have a record number of most deaths reported daily due to COVID-19, have been given strict guidelines to adhere to with regards to the funeral, including minimal contact with the deceased and limitation for members in a gathering. Families of the deceased have been urged to speak with their community religious leaders concerning alteration to rituals. 

While this is a breath of relief for the U.S. Muslim community, certain countries are not given as much freedom to practice this ceremony. For instance, in Sri Lanka, those who have died from COVID-19 are subjected to cremation instead of burial despite the World Health Organization (WHO) releasing a statement that includes guidelines stating burial as a possible means of disposal. The government of Sri Lanka has released a gazette containing guidelines of their own, which state that those who have passed on due to the virus are to be cremated, regardless of religious beliefs. This has upset the Muslim community due to the blatant rigidity with which they have treated their own people and the lack of scientific back-up to their claims. While several community and religious leaders have formed petitions against the violation of rights, it goes to show that not all parts of the world are able to implement the same rituals.  

Several fatwas have been issued by various Islamic councils around the world with regards to Janaza during a pandemic as loved ones of those who have passed on have had a difficult time coping with not only the passing but also the guilt of not having fulfilled their rights. Scholars who were asked have mentioned that the Fardh Kifaya (communal obligation) such as washing, shrouding, conducting the funeral prayer and burial can be implemented as long as no safety protocols are violated. 

READ MORE: Here’s How COVID-19 Affects Muslims During Ramadan

 

It’s recommended that washing is to be done by an individual wearing personal protective equipment (PPE) who would be willing to self-quarantine afterwards, to ward off any chances of infection. In the case of complications with regard to use of water, Tayammum (dry ablution) can be considered. 

As for shrouding, most scholars believe that as the minimum requirement of shrouding is for the awrah (private parts) to be covered, if sealed bags are used, then shrouding can take place before sealing. If sealing has already taken place and cannot be undone, the body is to be shrouded over the bag. 

Because those who have died as a result of a plague are considered martyrs in Islam, one view states that it is acceptable for the above rights to not be fulfilled, with regards to heavily infectious cases where both washing and shrouding are not recommended by health professionals. 

Due to inability to perform congregational prayers, it is considered valid even if the funeral prayer is performed by a single person away from the graveyard. With regards to broadcasting of the funeral for loved ones who may not be able to attend, it’s allowed as long as decorum in the face of a funeral is retained. 

Burial is a way of honoring the dead. Burial in an enclosed box or a body bag is considered acceptable as it is better for the community as a whole. Cremation, however, is where Islam draws the line: it is forbidden for a Muslim to be cremated as it is considered a form of mutilation. However, in the case of the government forcing cremation on the community, the bereaved family is to be assured that they are not sinful, nor is this to be considered a sin on the part of the deceased as our lives have been planned by the Best of Planners. Being patient in times of oppression is considered better for you than to be distraught by the fate presented to you. 

The Janaza is followed by a period of mourning where condolences are to be given to the grieving family. Limitations on social gathering and non-essential visits to homes should not restrict you from reaching out, especially not when we live in a time of digital closeness. Give the family a call or drop them a text: let them know that you are thinking of them during these trying times and if possible, extend a helping hand to them. Remember the deceased in your duaas and pray for those who are suffering in silence in the midst of this pandemic.

READ MORE: Here Are Prayers For When You’re Feeling Low On Faith

How To Ensure You Don’t Slip Up After Ramadan

You manage to build a strong system in fixing your spirituality during Ramadan, but how can we maintain it?

How To Ensure You Don’t Slip Up After Ramadan

You manage to build a strong system in fixing your spirituality during Ramadan, but how can we maintain it?

By

Sarah Lashuel
Art - Hafsa Khan (@hafandhaf on IG)

Has the high worn off yet? The spiritual high of Ramadan that is. 

Let me guess, you waited all year for Ramadan to come around so you could get your spirit right, and just like that it was over in a flash. I’m going to also go out on a limb and guess that now you’re trying to promise yourself you’ll keep up all the good work you’ve done, while in the back of your head you know you’ll have to wait until the next Ramadan to do better? 

If that’s you, then I know exactly how it feels. At some point in the year, the previous Ramadan and all the promises you made fade away like a dream. That’s part of what makes the holy month so special right? 

But the feats we accomplish and the lessons we learn are too precious to turn our backs on. Whatever your experience is during the fasting month, if you’ve felt the light of Ramadan and want to keep it shining, or you want to use this as a benchmark for a better you, here’s how.

 

 

Reflecting On Ramadan’s Past

It’s been over a week since Ramadan ended. We may be getting back into our normal routines, but before we get too far along, now is the time to reflect on how the month transpired for you. Not only can this act as a personal send-off for the holy month, but it will also make what you take away more concrete and memorable. 

When we reflect on Ramadan’s past, consider these questions:

  • What was different during Ramadan?
  • What brought me joy?
  • What brought me closer to my faith?
  • What were the challenges I faced? How did I overcome them?
  • How did I prepare for the month? 
  • What could I have done better? 

Using a pen and paper to take notes as you think will help you put words to feelings and even dig up some things you weren’t aware of. Clarity is essential before we can even get into intention or action. Focus on what is important to you. There’s no point in beating yourself up over expectations that don’t align with your needs, circumstances, or goals.

Getting Your Motivation Right 

There’s a reason why Ramadan makes it easier to start and maintain healthier habits and mindsets. The expectations are clear ahead of time. You know what’s going to go down, and you have time to prepare. Everyone’s in this together, your family, friends, and Muslims all over the world. Not to mention, everyone is also doing their best to adjust their schedules and lifestyles to accommodate during the month. With that said, does that mean it ends there? It doesn’t have to. Use the motivations of Ramadan to your advantage to keep the spirit of Ramadan alive all year round. 

Motivation is a lot simpler than we realize. If we like doing something, if it makes us feel good, then we’ll do it, even if it’s not what’s best for us. If something is easy to do, if it’s convenient, if it doesn’t need much effort, we’re more likely to do it right? You can see how true this is in any aspect of your life, like school, work, entertainment, and even friendships. Understanding how motivation works for you is a must if you want to keep yourself from getting stuck in a rut. 

Make things easy for yourself, make them fun. Give yourself the chance to learn about and practice the positive changes you want to make. Give yourself the chance to make them your own!

Set your intentions and then create your game plan. It should be realistic, and it should work with your life! Planning out the steps you need to take means you’re less likely to get overwhelmed by an overbearing feeling of what you “should” be doing.  

Be sure to prepare. Whatever you do, you want to be setting yourself up for success. Simple steps, like pre-downloading books, favoriting podcast episodes, or compiling screenshots of dua into a dedicated album, can make a world of difference that your future self will thank you for. 

Once you start, check in with yourself on the progress you’ve made. Is your plan working? Are you on the right track? Is there something you want to adjust?

As long as you want to make a change, you’re already half-way there. 

Fasting

The act of fasting is the central focus of Ramadan and it is an act that can put us in a different physical, mental, and spiritual state. Many people consider it a reset. From proven health advantages to mental clarity, to spiritual cleansing, there are many reasons why so many of us cherish the opportunity our faith gives us in prescribing we fast for the duration of a  month. 

Fasting throughout the year can bring great benefits, if you are able and well enough to do so. If you aren’t able to fast from food, use the spirit of fasting to mentally detox and gain some perspective. Think about the things in your life you assume you can’t live without, whether it’s social media, or spending on things you don’t need, or even vulgar language: challenge yourself to abstain from them and see what you can learn. 

If it’s safe enough for you to physically fast, then set your intentions early and make sure to prepare. Do it alone, or do it with friends or family. Decide what it is that you’ll look forward to if you accomplish the fast. Prepare by making sure you’re nourished and hydrated the day before you fast. While you may find it more difficult to fast any other time, just remember that if you can do it during Ramadan, you can do it period. Keep your momentum by building trust and confidence in yourself through accomplishment. 

Another way to channel that Ramadan energy is to learn more about intuitive eating. With all the iftar gatherings and incredible food it’s no wonder we got caught up in indulgence once the sun sets. After Ramadan is still a good time to continue being mindful about what we eat and how we eat, and it’s something we can do alongside our everyday routines. Intuitive eating challenges you to learn about your own body’s rhythms and needs, that way you can make lifestyle choices that support you in the best way possible, while considering all the things you don’t need. 

Persistence, Not Perfection

Holidays, festivals, and days of observance can be points in the year that inspire an extra surge of energy and passion. You’ll notice that every faith has fasting as a part of their practice. Allowing yourself to be conscious of this reality can keep the inspiration and reflection going. 

Don’t forget that you’re not alone in this. Reaching out to others may be a great way to spread goodwill and get farther together. Those friends or family who were isolated, or going through hardships during ramadan, their hardships may not end once Eid hits. Check up on them, plan days to have dinner together, find ways to connect. This is where prioritizing your time comes into play – if you could make time for it during Ramadan, see what you can do throughout the year.

If we were meant to become perfect during Ramadan, we’d only ever experience one Ramadan, but that’s not the case. Human beings forget, and struggle, but we also never stop learning. There’s no such thing as taking steps back, every experience you have is moving you forward in one way or another.

READ MORE: What Celebrating Eid Under Quarantine Looks Like

What Celebrating Eid Under Quarantine Looks Like

Truth be told – I was expecting it to be a very difficult day full of sadness.

What Celebrating Eid Under Quarantine Looks Like

Truth be told – I was expecting it to be a very difficult day full of sadness.

By

Zainab Damji
Art - Ameer Al-Khatahtbeh

 

Eid is the time of year when the masses come together to celebrate. The sheer spirit of Eid is visible in the streets –  people praying on the pavements because the mosque has reached capacity, swarms of cars parked outside houses indicating a huge family gathering taking place, and so on and so forth.  It is always a joyous, interpersonal occasion.

With the coronavirus pandemic however, much of our lives have changed – our routines have been uprooted, ‘normal’ is no longer normal and life is not as carefree. Naturally, as Eid rolled around and we all did our best to stay safe and follow precautionary measures; Eid in quarantine was inevitable.

Truth be told – I was expecting it to be a very difficult day full of sadness and longing, but I was pleasantly surprised to see that wasn’t the case. While I’ve tried to look at this whole pandemic from a positive perspective; I didn’t have to try very hard on Eid – it seemed to work out all on its own.

Eid prayers were held on Zoom and so our living rooms became masjids. Family gatherings still happened, they were just virtual, and you know what? Now that aunt that lives abroad didn’t feel so left out! Instead of taking your Mom’s signature baklava to an Eid party, you shared the recipe with all your friends, and they got to make it for their families in their kitchens!

This Eid, we’ve realized more than ever that it isn’t about food, or parties or even seeing each other; it’s about love and effort. So despite being in the same city as my cousins and not being able to visit them, I felt their love over our late night Zoom calls where we stressed every 20 minutes about losing sleep before having to wake for Eid prayers. Despite my brother being in a different continent, as he cooked up a storm of my mother’s traditional recipes in his LA kitchen,  it felt like he was with us at home. And while I couldn’t take any baked goods to Eid parties, I made sure to make a batch anyway and (safely) hand-deliver them to loved ones!

However, while we had the privilege of spending hours on Zoom calls, staying up late with those we share our homes with, enjoying their company – it’s important to remember that not everyone has those opportunities. Many Muslims live alone, some have gotten stuck abroad unexpectedly this year, and others may be in homes where they are not safe or comfortable. 

And let us not forget our Muslim healthcare workers who are working tirelessly on the frontlines, and while we may be saddened by our inability to visit extended family and friends, their daily reality is much worse.

Their personal sacrifice, dedication, and commitment to keeping us safe are testament to the values Islam has instilled in us, and on Eid, their service is a reminder of that. 

So today, if you’re reading this article from the comfort of your happy, safe and loving home – say a prayer for those who are not, and continue taking precautionary measures and staying safe for them. This year, Eid may have been different, but I am thankful for the experience as it has made me more gracious, self-aware, and humble. Eid Mubarak; may this coming year be filled with prosperity, success, and good health for us all.

READ MORE: Muslim Women Reflect On Ramadan Under Quarantine Through Art

#BlackoutEid Took Over Our Timelines, Leaves Us Shook

#BlackoutEid celebrates its eighth year of taking over our social media, and we're here for it.

#BlackoutEid Took Over Our Timelines, Leaves Us Shook

#BlackoutEid celebrates its eighth year of taking over our social media, and we’re here for it.

By

Elizabeth Aziz

(From Left to Right) Photo - @yacine.ndx, @l.artrepreneur

This past weekend, the world celebrated Eid in quarantine – but that didn’t stop Black Muslims from taking over social media for #BlackoutEid. The hashtag was created by Aamina Mohammed, a screenwriter and producer based in Minnesota, as a response to lack of representation of Black Muslims in Eid style coverage. Now in its eighth year, #BlackoutEid packed more heat than ever this year. Let’s take a look at some of our favorites, category by category!

 

The category is… a pop of color! This yellow paired with her massive smile just makes me happy, what else can I say? This image could be a movie poster or book cover tbh. 

@aeesha_ysf on Twitter

Absolutely loving the blue, loving the attitude, and the power pose. This WAS the energy I was trying to channel in 2020, until uh… you know. #coronaviiiiiiirus


@yacine.ndx on IG

I’m a sucker for the color magenta and some bomb henna. This girl gets my vote. Anyone have any good recommendations for at-home dye brands? I’m feeling pink all of a sudden…


@nasteexoilwaad on IG

 This is a classic fit for the fellas. Not to mention, this is just a beautiful photograph all around. Do you think they make these chappals in a women’s US 9? Asking for a friend.

 

@walelawal on IG

I’m obsessed with this girl’s care-free, casual look. Is it just me, or does the stacked gold necklace look never get old? Neither does a lovely smile. 

 

@hibaxhiba on Twitter

THE CATEGORY IS… PRINTS! This green look just makes me HAPPY. It makes my heart sing. She looks gorgeous.

 

@haddicee_ on Twitter

I’m SPEECHLESS… the beauty has left me without words. AND she made the dress herself? We love a designer AND a model. *heart eyes emoji*

 

@itssohnaa on Twitter

Not only is he rocking multiple prints on his physical person, but is also posted up in a printed room. It’s all about the attention to detail here. 10/10 

 

@l.artrepreneur on IG

Honorable mention to this beautiful girl here in the all pink ensemble. I dub this shade the official “power pink” of 2021. She keeps it graceful and soft while rocking a bold statement color. 

 

@tablefatou on Twitter

This gorgeous couple is all of the #goals, congratulations to these styling newlyweds on their first Eid and many more, inshaAllah.

 

@mamaafreaka on Twitter

This is maybe one of the most powerful videos a camera has ever recorded. Please behold this look and more importantly the walk!

 

@nashaat_isb on IG

…and for our final look of the evening, which is so dreamy it needs no further introduction. 

 

@aloeshawty on Twitter

 

 

Muslim Women Reflect On Ramadan Under Quarantine Through Art

We experienced Ramadan during a difficult time for the entire world – the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19).

Muslim Women Reflect On Ramadan Under Quarantine Through Art

We experienced Ramadan during a difficult time for the entire world – the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19).

By

Sarah Maung and Salma HQ

Photo, Art - Salma HQ

Alhamdulillah, we have lived to witness the sun set on a Ramadan unlike any other in the glorious history of Islam. We experienced Ramadan during a difficult time for the entire world – the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19). With so much being taken away from us and having to say goodbye to so many people at once, many of us have been pushed to seek refuge in our deen at its purest form as a chance to remind ourselves of the purpose of our creation, the root word of our identity as Muslims: submission to Allah.

Although we may not be able to experience the adrenaline of our collectively botched sleep schedules colliding as we embrace one another at the entrance of the masjid first thing in the morning, we still have reason to celebrate: self-betterment. 

In “Eid Under Quarantine: A Ramadan Reflection” we bring you the stories of women in our community in excerpts from interviews done by Sarah Maung to bring us their own unique story, each of them captured through different mediums. 

Each Muslim woman from different cultures recount the shifts in their relationship to Allah, to their deen, and to one another brought on by the pandemic in a series of self-reflections. It is time to celebrate the bright colors of our cultures and our strengthening Iman that make us who we are as individual Muslims and as a singular community. 

In these excerpts of interviews, Muslim women express their feelings about COVID-19 and Ramadan. 

Photo - Sarah Maung, Art - Salma HQ
Saima Usmani // Pakistani // Residency in Neurology 

“I never wanted to be the type of girl that had all these ridiculous expectations and was disappointed. So I kept my expectations at the bare minimum. I didn’t care about the reception. I only cared about my bachelorette party and the actual religious ceremony which I wanted to do at my masjid, which was a reasonable request. And I wanted my students to be there, which was another reasonable request because the wedding ceremony itself would be after school, everything was planned out. I didn’t care about the food, I didn’t care about my outfit. I just wanted the people I love to be there. 

The one person who was kind of my go-to and I just talked to that person just relaxed me and just made me forget was actually my fiancé.  

It was perfect. I didn’t need anything else, it was perfect. It was fine. It was in my house. We had cake, the pictures were terrible, but it was lovely. 

In this time, where you realize what’s really important you know you go to work and you see people passing away alone. And you know, you know, crossing over and you think about death, you go home and you have to decide, which 10 people matter to you the most that are going to be there on the biggest day of your life and the only people physically there on the biggest day of your life, you spend in the holy month of Ramadan basically alone, and all those things are beautiful in their own way.” 

 

Photo, Art - Salma HQ
Lamia Rashid// Palestinian // College Student

“It’s not like a war you know once a war is declared ‘over’ it’s over. You know, COVID-19 is like biological warfare. So when you go out, who knows about the next couple months right, like you could get it.

I could stay in my house forever, but you have to go outside and what if I’m getting groceries and then like I just get it. And then I pass on to my parents  that’s the biggest part I feel with all my mental health, it’s the stress of  it just being out there and I can’t control it and it could wreck so much damage. 

During Ramadan, no matter who you are, no matter what your level of faith, no matter how much you practice Islam during the year we all get together and we’re like alright guys we’re in this together.”

 

Photo - Sarah Maung, Art - Salma HQ
Sharfaa Sabir // Sri Lankan // College Student

“My grandma has always been here for Ramadan, but she’s actually stuck in Sri Lanka because of coronavirus. So this is the first Ramadan without her – even though I think she’d been here every single year I can’t remember a time when she wasn’t here. 

I think that it’s never really gonna go back to normal, because now every time I go out I’m  so aware of everything that I touch – I’m so used to the way things are right now. I don’t even know how it’s gonna be after. I don’t think it’s gonna ever be back normal.

No one thought it would get to this level, I guess I don’t think that anyone thought it was going to get as bad. It’s just heartbreaking hearing about these families (who have been) separated (and) the people who are being paid under the table (who have lost their income).

And we’re scared for my dad, my dad’s really high risk.”

 

Photo, Art - Salma HQ
Ameena Qobrtay // Circassian // College Student

“It was really challenging for me to learn to let go of things that I can’t control, and I say this all the time, to my friends and stuff and they think I sound crazy but I think that was the most challenging thing for me this Ramadan – to really let go of all the things that are literally out of my power. 

I think I learned you can’t control everything and that’s a good thing. It’s not meant to be that way – everything’s written.

For a long time I just couldn’t accept it and I would just argue with my family all the time about the way the government was handling things and that’s not very productive either. It’s not my family’s fault.

We don’t have the opportunity to grieve so much over coronavirus losses because we’re in this society that’s so fixated on ‘keep going, keep going, keep going’ – it would be nice to grieve on the loss of life and also mourn the opportunities that we all missed out on.”

 

Photo, Art - Salma HQ
Zainab Wiswall // Bengali // College Graduate

“In the beginning (of Ramadan) I was fasting so then that made it hard to go out and do stuff, and around here we have a curfew so once you have the energy and you eat, you can’t go out. Then, after my period I got sick so then I couldn’t fast so that’s probably the thing that’s affected my mind. It feels weird to not fast and it just feels like you’re not doing Ramadan at all, there’s no question, there’s no taraweeh.

It hasn’t really felt like Ramadan to me – unless if you’re surrounded by very religious family where everyone’s really making the effort to have a masjid environment, unless you’re doing a lot of  personal effort to just pray all night. It would just feel like a Ramadan that you kind of pass.”

 

Photo, Art - Salma HQ
Duaa Ali // Sudanese // College Student

“(This Ramadan) has made me kind of realize how much the community did have an impact on my life. Just in general for me practicing my deen when it came to Ramadan. Before I was so used to going to the masjid then everyone else’s praying taraweeh, I’m going to pray taraweeh.

Whereas when you’re at home, there’s not really that pressure or anyone there around you kind of pushing you to just pray or read Quran or just do good because you don’t really have that community around. I have my family with me and we’ll  pray taraweeh while we’re together but throughout the day, throughout actual fast, for the most part I’m sitting there on my computer. 

Without the community I don’t feel as obligated.”

 

Photo - Sarah Maung, Art - Salma HQ
Zainab Ali // Pakistani // College Graduate

“The MIST (Muslim Interscholastic Tournament) theme was trusting the process and putting your trust in Allah (SWT). We were complaining about it being so early. But, had we even pushed it  a week – we’re the only region this year that I think is able to have in person – that it was one of my last happy memories

I was  in the basement eating dates and chugging water and also just trying to complete the exams.

We take so many things for granted, we take the Masjid for granted, we take our socialization for granted. I take the iftar parties that I expect it to attend, those that we expect to host for granted. 

There’s that joke, ‘when the shaytan is locked up during Ramadan and you realize it was you the whole time.’ I think it was the same thing opposite to where obviously the angels, and Allah (SWT) are not locked up, Astaghfirullah, but at the same time like all the institutions that I used to get closer to them (Allah and the angels) are locked up.”

 

 

 

What Is Eid? All You Need To Know About The Muslim Holiday

We broke-down what our holiday Eid is all about.

What Is Eid? All You Need To Know About The Muslim Holiday

We broke-down what our holiday Eid is all about.

By

Maliha Rahman
Photo - Getty

 

Whether you are Muslim or not, the celebration of Eid-al-Fitr is acknowledged around the world by many of all faiths. Eid is a time for blessings and joys throughout the Muslim community, but because it is a day of charity, it is a day to distribute one’s wealth. In short, it is a time of celebrations worldwide for all Muslims. Let’s elaborate:

What is Eid-al-Fitr? 

Eid-al-Fitr is a direct translation of “Festival of the Breaking of the Fast.” Eid-al-Fitr is actually a three day long celebration after the end of Ramadan everyday from dawn to dusk. Determining Eid-al-Fitr all comes down to a moon sighting, just like Ramadan: if the crescent moon isn’t seen, Ramadan will go on for another day. If it is seen, Eid Mubarak!

How does the day begin? 

Celebrations begin at a specific Eid prayer, in mosques, surrounded by your families and friends that you typically see during the month of Ramadan. After prayers, everyone congratulates each other for the ending of this blessed month. Usually, next is the visiting of graves for your loved ones after the conclusion of Eid prayers, to clean the gravesites and dawn the graves with fresh flowers. 

How do Muslims celebrate? 

Muslims wear their newest clothes or their finest clothes. Muslims decorate their homes with Eid decorations, lanterns, and twinkling lights. Everyone makes special foods for when their families and friends are invited over to come celebrate alongside. Muslims visit their relatives’ homes, as a way to celebrate with their loved one.

Hands are covered in henna patterns, from the nights before that were served as preparation for this three-day long period. Gifts are given to children and those in need, which are commonly known as Eidi.

I don’t know what’s better than those post-Eid naps and jumping from house to house with iced coffee in your hands. 

EIDI! 

What is Eidi? Eid is still a day of charity. Eidi is referred to as the money and gifts given to the children of the family by elders: could be relatives, parents, siblings, anyone at all. Eidi gifts are given as another way of celebrating this joyous day. Children will definitely refer to their Eidi as their favorite part of the day! 

How is this year different? 

This year, sadly our mosques are closed because of coronavirus (COVID-19). Our Eid prayers this year will have to be done from the comfort of our homes for many. With the health regulations put in place, jumping from house to house will not be allowed. Visiting our families will have to be done at a later time and we will have to be ending this month long of fasting at home. 

Nonetheless, many will still be dressed in our new clothes, we will be making all the yummy foods, and we will still be finding small ways to celebrate! 

Muslims across the world celebrate in different ways, but one thing is clear – Eid is a time for celebration! Have a blessed Eid from our @muslim family to you and yours!

READ MORE:  Ramadan 101: All You Need To Know About The Holy Month

A How-To Guide On Performing Eid Prayer

For most of us, this will be the first time we're performing Eid prayer with our families. Here is a guide to help.

A How-To Guide On Performing Eid Prayer

For most of us, this will be the first time we’re performing Eid prayer with our families. Here is a guide to help.

By

Najaha Nauf
Art - New Internationalist

 

After a month of quarantined fasting, Eid-al-Fitr is upon us! Eid-al-Fitr falls on the first of Shawwal (the tenth month of the Islamic Lunar Calendar) and is characterized by the sighting of the crescent.

A staple of Eid-al-Fitr is the Eid prayers which is considered Sunnah Muakkada – highly recommended Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammed (PBUH), one which he always did. While it is normally performed at mosques or on open-ground in congregation, this period of social distancing puts a halt to such activities. 

Fortunately, most Fatwa centers have encouraged praying at home in congregation or alone, and we’ve got you covered on the basic rulings of how to perform the Eid prayer. 

TLDR? : it’s generally like a 2 Raka prayer, like Fajr or sunnah prayers before and after prayers, with addition of Takbiraat in the Qiyaam before recitation of Al-Fathiha in each rakat. 

  1. The Niyah (Intention) 

The Niyah, or Intention, of the Eid prayer is to fulfill two Rakas of Sunnah prayers in order to please Allah and as a sign of devotion and gratitude on the  glorious day of Eid. 

  1. The first Takbir (praise)

Takbir is the proclamation of “Allahu Akbar” which means “Allah is the greatest.” The prayer begins with a single Takbir as all other prayers do. The one praying must raise both hands up to their ears, palms facing forward during the proclamation and fold both hands over one another below their chest area (right hand over left hand) once they’re done with the proclamation.  

  1. Repeat steps 2 until Takbir has been said seven times.

  2. Recitation of the Quran. 

In the seventh Takbir, Surah Al-Fathiha (the opening of the Quran) is recited. After which, any surah or number of verses from a surah may be recited. 

  1. Ruku’ (Bowing)

This is when the one praying bends forward such that their spine and body form a right angle and their hands are placed on their knees, with their gaze firmly placed on the Qibla (direction of the Kabah). In this position, they must recite “Subhana Rabbi al-Adheem” three times, which means “How free from imperfections is my Lord, the Grand”

  1. I’thidhal (Straightening from bowing)

They must then stand straight, hands by their sides and recite “Sami Allahu liman hamida, Rabbana Walak al-hamd” which means, “Allah hears those who send praises to him. Our lord, and all praises are for you.”

  1. Sajda (Prostration) 

The one praying then proclaims “Allahu Akbar” before falling in prostration in front of them, with their palms pressed to the ground and their nose and forehead touching it. In sujood (prostration), they must recite the duaa “Subhana Rabi Al- A’laa” three times, which means “My Lord is free from imperfections, The Most High.”

  1. Jalsa (Sitting on the prayer rug between prostrations)

Once they’ve risen from the prostration, the one praying sits on their heels and recites “Rabbi’ghfirli”  three times, which means “My Lord, forgive me.”

  1. Second Sajda

Another prostration is then performed with the same proclamation as the first Sajda as seen in step 8. This concludes the first Rakaat of the Eid prayer. 

  1. The Second Rakaat

Repeat steps 2  such that there are five recitations of Takbir.

  1. Recitation of the Quran. 

In the fifth Takbir, Surah Al-Fathiha (the opening of the Quran) is recited. After which, any surah or number of verses from a surah may be recited. 

  1. Repeat steps 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10. 

Here, the second sajda does NOT mean the conclusion of the Raka

  1. Tashshahud (Sitting on the prayer rug after the final prostration)

After rising from the final prostration, the one praying sits on the prayer rug and says “Attahyathu Lillahi Wassalawathu Waththayyibathu, Assalamu Alayka Ayyuha Nabiyu Warahmathullahi Wabarakathuhu, Assalamu Alayna Wa Ala Ibaadhillahi Saliheen, Ashshadu An La Illaha Illallahu Wa Ashshadu Anna Muhammadan Abdhuhu Wa Rasooluhu.” Which means “All compliments, prayers and goodness are for Allah. May the peace, mercy and blessings of Allah be upon you, Oh Prophet. Peace be upon us and upon the righteous slaves of Allah. I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad is his servant and messenger.” Then salutations are given to Prophet Muhammed and the Prophet Abraham in what is known as durood. This is then followed by a duaa of the individuals choosing.

This duaa is then followed by Taslim (greetings) which is where the one praying bids salaam to their right and then to their left by saying “Assalamu Alaykum Warahmathullahi Wabarakathuhu” which means, “May the peace, mercy and the blessings of Allah be upon you” in order to conclude the prayer. 

The Eid prayer is known to be a comprehensive start to the blessed day. Common supplications made throughout the day in order to celebrate include recitation of the Takbir, invocations of the six Kalimas and a lot of Salaams. It is the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) to spread Salaams and spread the news of Eid through declarations of “Eid Mubarak!” It’s a day of joy and blessings, a day to celebrate the remembrance of Allah. 

May this Eid-al-Fitr be a joyous one for you and your family and may Allah accept all the fasts and supplications made during the month of Ramadan! Stay safe and home this Eid and always stay blessed!